Allergology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of allergies, immune diseases characterized by hypersensitivity to particular substances, and diseases related to them.
The doctor’s skills obviously also include the field of immunology. The epidemiological study of cases of allergies and related diseases such as rhinopathy, urticaria and asthma is important in the context of prevention. The incidence of cases of allergic diseases is constantly increasing; some epidemiological studies identify the increase in air pollution as an influential factor.
Nowadays, allergies, which is defined as an excessive defence reaction of the immune system against substances considered erroneously harmful, affect at least 15% of the Italian population.
Diagnostic tests can be performed at the Allergy Clinic to find out about your allergies such as:
The skin test (prick test) is the main test for the diagnosis of allergies. Try the suspected allergen on the patient’s skin to check for any allergic reactions that will occur within 15-20 minutes.
Among the blood assays, the most commonly used is the search forspecific IgE.